THIS WEEK IN ANC HISTORY

14 September 1991: The National Peace Accord was signed by all major political organisations. The peace accord called on all political parties to end political violence and lay down their weapons to create an environment conducive for free and fair negotiations.

15 September 1976: The apartheid government began removing 45 000 Bakalobeng tribesmen from a Transvaal area into the Bophuthatswana homeland as part of its policy to assign Black tribes to autonomous areas.

16 September 1963: The final report of the United Nations Special Committee on Apartheid was released. It gave a detailed review of developments in South Africa’s racial policies since 6 November 1962. The report was unanimously approved and published on 18 September 1963.

16 September 1986: 177 mineworkers were killed at Kinross Mine in one of South Africa’s worst mine disasters and 235 workers were injured and one was reported missing. After the disaster, the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) complained about low safety standards in the mines and organized a protest.

17 September 1832: About two thousand slave owners met in Cape Town to complain against new slave regulations to be implemented at the Cape, claiming that according to existing regulations the working conditions at the Cape was already better in many respects than conditions of factory workers in Britain.

18 September 1992: More than 70 000 mourners gathered at King William’s Town, to pay their respects to the victims of the Bisho Massacre who were shot dead by the Ciskei Defence Force troops on 7 September 1992.

19 September 1980: The apartheid government handed over Mafeking to the homeland Republic of Bophuthatswana, three years after being granted independence. The town became the seat of the Bophuthatswana government until the new capital, Mmabatho, was developed.

20 September 1994: King Goodwill Zwelithini and the Zulu Royal Family severed all ties with Chief Buthelezi. This followed a stoning by Inkatha Freedom Party youth during a meeting between the King, Buthelezi and President Mandela at the king’s Enyokeni Palace.

 

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