zikalalaStaff Reporter

The ability of the African National Congress (ANC) throughout its history to self-correct has become all the more important when interpreting the current challenges facing the movement.

This is the view of the ANC Kwa-Zulu/Natal Chairperson Comrade Sihle Zikalala; echoing sentiment expressed by President Jacob Zuma in his keynote address to the ANC’s National Policy Conference (NPC) currently underway in Nasrec, Johannesburg.

“Self correction becomes more important to us as movement during this time… the decline of the ANC from the previous local government elections has corroded the standing of the ANC and needs to be addressed and confronted,” says Zikalala.

Comrade Zikalala’s call on the National Policy Conference to focus on the unity of the organization and the restoration of its organizational values has been made by all ANC leaders on public platforms since the opening of the NPC.

“As Kwa-Zulu/Natal we want to see the ANC emerging from this conference more united and with clear focus on the implementation of programmes of the ANC,” says Zikalala.

Crucial to deepening unity is confronting the issue of slate politics which Zikalala says should be done away with. “We need to ensure that whenever we elect leaders we don’t do so on the basis of one slate but facilitate a means to ensure there is ‘integration’ of various preferences and views,” says Zikalala

Speaking to the policy priorities of his province, Zikalala says radical economic transformation was foremost amongst them.

“We are unwavering on that we are committed to see the lives of our people being changed. The reality is that the south African economy is estimated to be about R 8.7 trillion, more than 3 trillion is in the hands of only one percent of the population who are rich. That tells you that those who are rich are filthy rich are filthy rich..” says Zikalala.

The ANC in KZN says it wants to see radical economic transformation accelerated: “at the center of this (radical economic transformation) is to ensure that we work hard on industrialization in South Africa,” says Zikalala.

Access to education was also a priority. “We must make it easy for the people of our country to access education and free education must be reaffirmed and implemented.”

Ultimately, though, what is ‘derailing our revolution’ is the failure to implement decisions and programmes of the ANC – and to this end the ANC KZN is in agreement with sentiment expressed by some that there should be an institution established to ensure the implementation of the decisions of the ANC.


2017-07-01-PHOTO-00000009Staff Reporter
To realise the objectives of the National Democratic Revolution, the ANC needs to renew itself and act more decisively, NEC member Nathi Mthethwa said in presenting the Strategy and Tactics discussion document to the ANC National Policy Conference.

Given the current challenges within the ANC and Alliance, the discussion on Strategy and Tactics has focused attention on the strategic implications of the weakened state of the organisation.

While the document suggests that this a moment of opportunity to forge a social compact towards the NDP’s Vision 2030, the ANC, its Alliance partners and the government it leads are at their weakest since 1994.

It therefore calls for the integrity of the ANC to be enhanced. Self-correction should include efforts to revitalise the visionary and policy integrity of the movement. From the processes of joining the movement to the operation of branches and higher structures, there should be mechanisms of sifting quality and of ongoing improvement in the orientation and character of members. The criteria and processes of selecting leaders should contribute should enhance leadership integrity. Leadership collectives should, as a whole, reflect the motive forces of change and the various centres of power.

According to Mthethwa: “The ultimate objective of a united and prosperous society dictates that the ANC should reach beyond its narrow social base to persuade all South Africans about their common long-term interests. It should continually seek to forge a social compact – a broad national front – for mutual benefit.”

“The ANC should act as the strategic centre of power for its members, learning from, and in turn guiding activities across, society.”

A strategic centre of power should command legitimacy and authority. It should ensure that its mandate is carried out by its members, wherever they are located. It should be able to monitor and evaluate the implementation of its policies. When and where there are weaknesses – whether these are a result of poor policies, weak implementation or poor leadership – it should be able to act decisively.

The ANC’s approach to transformation should be guided by our macrosocial reality:

  • South Africans have attained political liberation with the principle of equal human rights guaranteed in the basic law of the land.
  • Since 1994, the state has been gradually transformed to serve all the people.
  • Progress has been made in extending basic services to the majority; but the quality of services and working conditions remains poor, and apartheid spatial economic and settlement patterns largely remain.
  • Poverty, in terms of income and assets, has been reduced; but black people continue, disproportionately, to endure massive privations.
  • Inequality remains stubborn, and management and the professions particularly in the private sector, are dominated by white males.

This reality underlines the fact that critical attributes of colonial social relations endure, Mthethwa said. South African society can thus be characterised as ‘racial capitalism’ or ‘neo-colonialism of a special type’.

To build on the foundation laid since the attainment of democracy, the pillars of social transformation the inform the framework of the ANC’s focus should be the state, the economy, organisational work, ideological struggle, and international work.

Mthethwa said the National Democratic Revolution should strive to realise shared prosperity, social justice and human solidarity. This is premised on a united state based on the will of all the people, without regard to race, sex, belief, language, ethnicity or geographic location; an improving quality of life among all the people by providing equal rights and opportunities to all citizens; and the restoration of the birth-right of all South Africans regarding access to land and other resources.

A national democratic society should be therefore founded on a thriving economy which should reflect the natural endowments of the country and the creativity that a skilled population can offer. It should be an economy in which cutting edge technology, labour-absorbing industrial development, a thriving small business and cooperative sector, utilisation of information and communication technologies and efficient forms of production and management all combine to ensure national prosperity. It requires de-racialisation of ownership and control of wealth, management and the professions.

All manifestations and consequences of patriarchy – from the feminisation of poverty, physical and psychological abuse, undermining of self-confidence, to open and hidden forms of exclusion from positions of authority and power – need to be eliminated, he said.

“Critical in this regard is the creation of the material and cultural conditions that would allow the abilities of women to flourish and enrich the life of the nation.”

He also said: “A nation’s success depends also on its ability to encourage, harness and incorporate into its endeavours the creativity, daring and energy of youth. This relates to such issues as access to social and economic opportunities, engendering activism around issues of development and values of community solidarity and creating the space for youth creativity to flourish.”

A national democratic society should also ensure the protection and continuous advancement of the most vulnerable in society, including children and the elderly.

The motive forces of change – the classes and strata which objectively stand to benefit from fundamental transformation – still desire such change and are prepared to work for it. It is up to the ANC to ensure that they are organised, mobilised and effectively led to achieve this change, he said.




Staff Reporter

Head of ANC Policy and NEC member Comrade Jeff Radebe delivered a progress report on the implementation of the National Development Plan (NDP) to the 5th National Policy Conference of the ANC currently underway at the Nasrec Expo Centre in the south of Johannesburg.

In introducing his report, Radebe reminded delegates that the ANC’s 53rd National Conference at Mangaung resolved that “…we embraced Vision 2030 and the National Development Plan as a platform for united action by all South Africans to eradicate poverty, create full employment and reduce inequality as critical building blocks towards a truly united, non-racial, non-sexist, democratic and prosperous society.”

The 2015 National General Council of the ANC reaffirmed that the NDP is the long term plan that identifies the critical actions to be prioritised towards 2030. “To this end, we reaffirm that the National Development Plan (NDP) constitutes the programme through which we advance radical socio-economic transformation” he said.

The key objectives of the NDP are set out to eliminate income poverty by reducing households with a monthly income below R419 per person (in 2009 prices) from 39% to 0; reduce inequality where the Gini coefficient should fall from 0.69 to 0.60 and reduce unemployment rate to 6% by creating 11 million more jobs by 2030.

On Education, Radebe said enormous strides to redress the educational imbalance of the past and improve basic education have been made. Between 2014 and 2016, the matriculation pass rate rose from 58% in 1994 to 72.5% in 2016. “We are on a positive trajectory, as can be seen in international comparisons through the South and Eastern Africa Consortium for Monitoring of Educational Quality (SACMEQ) and the Trends in International Mathematics and Science (TIMSS)” he said.

Introduction of ‘no fee’ schools and meals through the National School Nutrition Programme have increased access to schools, and supported learning in schools, he added.

On Health, overall life expectancy increased from 62,9 years in 2014 to 63,3 years in 2015. Compared to 2009, Radebe said this reflects a huge increase of 6,2 years, true for both males and females, as a result of success in combating HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis.

The health of South African children has also improved. Mortality amongst children under the age of 5 years has dropped from 40 deaths per 1,000 live-births in 2014 to 37 deaths per 1 000 live births in 2015 (MRC).

“The highlight of the health sector’s achievements during the Zuma administration must be the adoption by Cabinet of the National Health Insurance White Paper” Radebe said. This policy framework will enable good quality health services for the majority of our people, irrespective of their ability to pay, he added.

On NDP Outcome 3 which is to build safer communities, addressing threat to security of the state and fighting corruption, Radebe reported that considerable progress has been made in the fight against crime.

Between 2014 and 2016, attempted murders reduced from 26 806 to 18 127 (-32%), sexual offences decreased from 53 617 in 2014/15 to 51 895 in 2015/16.

Since 2014 to March 2017, the number of persons convicted for priority corruption cases increased from 52 to 110. The value of assets frozen by freezing orders is almost R5 billion.

The progress with the economy, “we continue to use the Industrial Policy Action Plan (IPAP) to drive industrialisation, as well as the Black Industrialists Programme. In the mining sector, we have developed a Minerals Beneficiation Action Plan to advance local value-addition across five mineral value-chains” Radebe said.

Other interventions include a commitment to set aside 30% of procurement from SMMEs; Local content policy to support new industries; Localisation efforts through public procurement and the designation of sectors and products; The establishment of InvestSA as a one-stop shop (OSS) to remove obstacles in doing business in South Africa and process of establishing three provincial OSS in Gauteng, KZN and Western Cape in 2017/18; and In addition, we continue to grow our tourism sector where the Direct and indirect contribution to GDP increased from R372 billion in 2014 to R375bn in 2015, he added.

Rabede also said that NEDLAC has also agreed to establish a National Minimum Wage. “We have successfully implemented a Social Economic Impact Assessment System (SEIAS)”, he further added.

On the ANC’s fifth priority area and Outcome 7 of the NDP, Comprehensive Rural Development and Food Security, Radebe told delegates that though the progress on land reform has been at a slow pace, there have been strides made in the ANCs programme restore the land to the majority of South Africans.

Radebe said land reform had transferred 10.6% or 8.7 million hectares out of the 30% target set in 1994 to distribute agricultural land to previously disadvantaged individuals (PDIs). “Financial compensation of R11.6 billion was paid out to land claimants who opted for this option for the same period. Had these claimants opted for land to be restored, a further 2 772 457 ha would have been restituted”, he added.

He said the ANC must develop a coherent policy giving direction to land reform and redistributing of state owned land. “We must also invest more in agriculture and provide comprehensive support to smallholders” he added.

In concluding Radebe said “the National Development Plan is our roadmap towards socio-economic transformation. We must redouble our efforts to address challenges of economic transformation as it is only by addressing our challenges that we can improve.”

“We climb the mountain one step at a time” he said.



Bathabile-Dlamini2Staff Reporter

Unity of the African National Congress, full representation of women in all sectors of society and not just the ANC, expropriation of land without compensation, the fight against violence directed at women and children, are some of the policy matters the President of the ANC Women’s League, Comrade Bathabile Dlamini said the league will bring to the ANC Policy Conference.

The ANC is currently holding its 05th national policy conference in Nasrec, Johannesburg.
Dlamini is optimistic that the ANC will come out of the conference stronger and united. “The values of the organization have always been what brings us together to assist us where we disagree. South Africans want to see an ANC that speaks with one voice and an ANC that is truly a leader of society.  The Women’s League, as a constitutional structure of the ANC, will therefore advocate for a united ANC that does not compromise on its values,” she said.

On land, Dlamini is adamant on the need to accelerate the pace of land restitution and redistribution.  “If you look at the issue of the land, it is the only clause that has a timeframe in our Constitution and it may take years to change the Constitution so we believe that if we do not take this bold step now, we may never get the land back to its rightful owners,” said Dlamini. She also stressed that the ANCWL supports  land expropriation without compensation and will continue advocating for it during the policy conference.

On the emancipation of women, she said the league would like to see the resuscitation of the committee on women emancipation. She said the full representation of women in all sectors should not only be an ANC matter but it should find itself properly articulated in the private sector and other political parties too.

“There is a tendency to find women surrounded by men whenever they occupy positions of power subtly implying that women need assistance from men for everything they do and we want to ensure that this does not become the norm!” She said another matter that was concerning is the removal of women from office before their term ends without any investigation.
The ANCWL President said it was clear that women across all sectors of society in South Africa were tired of the violence that is meted on them. She said this was an area that women were vocal about and wanted more stricter and more stringent laws to protect them.”Women in our country still need to explain themselves when they are being violated everyday of their lives. We have listened to different voices on how we should deal with the violation of women and their children and we have heard them, so we will bring it to conference for debate,” she said.

Dlamini says it is time for the ANC to take the hard and painful decisions so that the lives of South Africans can improve. The National Policy Conference ends on the 5th July 2017 when its recommendations for a final decisions to the National Conference in December will be presented.


maineStaff Reporter

The African National Congress Youth League (ANCYL) believes current divisions within the organization have more to do with leadership contestations, than matters of ideology or policy.

ANCYL President Collen Maine was speaking on the side-lines of the ANC’s 5th National Policy Conference (NPC) in Nasrec.

“Our opponents are expecting us to come here and tear each other apart, fight and kill the ANC.” This should not be allowed to happen, Maine says.

What will emerge out of this conference is that we should present to the public that the ANC, as it has promised them, has used this platform (the NPC) to self-correct as a movement, he says.

In order to forge greater unity within the organization, Maine believes it is critical to do self-introspection and to diagnose what is actually dividing the movement.

“The ANCYL is of the view that there are no fundamental differences on the issues of policy; the issue is the upcoming elective congress. What is important is that the leadership of the ANC must sit down and strike a deal that will unite the organization,” says Maine.

On whether he is in fact referring to a ‘consensus list’ he said he was of the view this was a possible route to consider.

He cited the example of organizational renewal recommendations of the ANC in the Northern Cape to increase the number of National Officials from six to nine, saying “ we must follow their example which we should use to unite the organization… so that not just one bloc takes the whole nine, we must bring everybody on board, taking into account the character of the organization.”

“The ANC is a broad church, let us bring everybody on board and we will have dealt with all of these major issues,” he says.

He adds that it is important that branches be guided, because ‘in the main, the divisions in the organization are not in the lower structures, it is at national level in the leadership structures.

On what the ANCYL’s key priorities were for the NPC, Comrade Maine cited free education, the scrapping of experience for posts, and the nationalization of key sectors of the economy.

He said the ANCYL noted that President Zuma in his opening speech to the NPC

“appreciated that the country was getting younger, therefore issues that affect young people should be given priority.”

Maine says that the ANCYL concurs with sentiment expressed by President Zuma in his speech about the unity of the organization.

“If we can just unite amongst ourselves for the sake of the ANC..the ANC is the only hope of South Africans, so we dare not tear it apart ourselves,” says Maine.

On what measures the ANC should institute to accelerate organizational renewal, he said the ANCYL believed it was time to relook at the structure of the National Executive Committee (NEC) because they believe the structure is too bloated- and as a result is unable to deal with issues.

“The size of the NEC must be reduced but secondly but there also needs to be agreement on the number of officials,” says Maine.

The ANCYL also believes there needs to be a second Deputy Secretary-General who will focus on monitoring and evaluation. “As it stands now they depend on government and ministers to do this vital function. The organization must monitor and evaluate itself,” Maine says.

On what the ANC can do to accelerate radical economic transformation, Maine believes the key ingredient is ‘decisive leadership.’ “We have been discussing these things, resolving about them ten years back.. on the issues of the land for instance, we’ve got good resolutions but the ANC is not moving.” He adds: “what we need is the implementation of our own resolutions,” that would be the most important thing.


IMG_6631Staff Reporter

President Jacob Zuma says a return to the core values that have defined the historical character of the African National Congress (ANC), such as selflessness and collective leadership – will be critical to reunite the organization.

President Zuma was delivering the opening address at the ANC’s 5th National Policy Conference that opened in Nasrec, Gauteng on Friday. President Zuma said the policy discussions over the next few days of the NPC must be rooted in party unity, which, said President Zuma, was ‘the rock upon which the ANC was founded.’

Unity must be the thread that keeps the ANC and the country together, he said.

President Zuma noted that the NPC was being held at a difficult period for the country economically. The economy had entered into a technical recession and discussions at the policy conference would need to look at what needs to done to reignite growth over the next five years.

Despite these challenges, President Zuma noted that equal consideration needed to be given to the considerable progress made by the ANC government in consolidating democracy and expanding access to a better life for all.He cited a vibrant civil society with an independent judiciary, a free press and an extensive social security net for the poorest of the poor, and the expansion of basic services to the poor amongst the democratic gains achieved under the ANC government since 1994.

Furthermore, ‘the ANC has increased access to economic opportunities to black people who were excluded before through several economic programmes,’ the President noted.

The Conference will need to deliberate on the pace and quality of ANC programmes, as government strives to undo the damaging effects of apartheid, he added.

Turning to present challenges facing the organization, President Zuma said that historical context was key: noting that “the movement has faced several challenges over the past few years in the changing terrain of struggle that has impacted on the character of the organization.”

The ANC President said that there was a worrying development of what he termed ‘negative tendencies’ that had ‘caused frustration and disillusionment’ amongst the population at large. The ANC needed to ‘cleanse itself’ of these negative tendencies, the President said.

Within the organization itself, he cited patronage, corruption, social distance, factionalism, abuse of power, slate politics, membership system anomalies such as reported manipulation of membership data and bulk buying,  as negative tendencies.

He also singled out the tendency of ill-discipline, saying that “some leaders and members of the ANC have become primary conveyors of negative information about their own movement” which needed to be stopped. Instead, members and leaders should handle matters within the organization.

Importantly, he said, “this perpetual negative messaging by our own people has a negative impact on the economy.” Moving forward, a balance would need to be struck between the ANC’s valued trait of self-criticism, with the need to protect the ANC and provide it with the space to resolve problems in a more organized manner.

President Zuma noted that it was not the first time the ANC had discussed organizational renewal, as this was done before every conference.

“This time, however” he noted, “we must discuss it not for the sake of it,”  but in order to come up with a united, strong focused and cohesive ANC.

“The ANC belongs to the people of SA and we must fix it so it can continue improving the lives of our people,” President Zuma said.

President Zuma also addressed a wide-range of contemporary issues such as the election of leaders of the movement, rooting out corruption, and the contentious and thorny issue of ‘state capture’ – noting that a judicial commission of inquiry had been established.

On policy matters he touched on matters of the funding of higher education, the lowering of data costs, and promoting gender equality.

“To applause in the hall, he said that the NPC would deliberate at length on advancing the status of women.

Ultimately, President Zuma’s keynote address contained the overarching message that the NPC needed to come up with concrete and tangible recommendations that would ‘direct the movement back to its core business and character.’

“We must draw on lessons from the past 100 years and what led to the ANC surviving to be the oldest liberation movement on the continent” said President Zuma. Amongst these were its deep roots and connection with the people, a culture of vibrant internal democracy and collective leadership, a readiness and willingness of members to make sacrifices for the people and the ability to adapt to changing conditions and rise to the occasion at critical moments.

“These traits have made the ANC the parliament of the people,” he said, adding that despite current challenges, the ANC still represents the hopes, dreams and aspirations of millions of our people.”

The people of South Africa who love the ANC “want us to resolve our difficulties and work towards transforming south Africa and building a better life for all,” the President said.

The President then reflected on the policy imperatives before the NPC: emphasizing that ‘the economy remains our apex priority,’ and that the last National Conference of the ANC in Mangaung resolved to embark upon the Second Phase of Transition to a National Democratic Society, that would be more radical.

He explained that radical socio-economic transformation referred to a fundamental change in the structure, systems, institutions and patterns of ownership and control of the economy in favour of all South Africans, especially the poor, the majority of whom are African and female.

President Zuma said the ANC government would use the Constitution, legislation and regulations, licensing, BBBEE and other transformation charters, the national budget and procurement, State Owned Enterprises, government programmes and Development Finance Institutions as ‘instruments’ to accelerate radical socio-economic transformation.

In conclusion, the President said that the ANC had reached a centenary and beyond because of its ability to ‘rise to the occasion to deal decisively with problems that threatened its very existence’.

Calling on delegates not be ‘defeatist’ in their deliberations, he called on them to come up with solutions to the challenges facing the movement and the country.

“The ANC”, he said: “must and will emerge from this policy conference stronger.”


balekaStaff Reporter

National Chairperson of the African National Congress, Comrade Baleka Mbete, has set the tone of the 5th National Policy Conference currently underway at the Nasrec Expo Centre in the south of Johannesburg. Speaking during the opening session of Conference, Mbete reminded delegates that the Conference is held during the year the ANC has dedicated to the memory of liberation giant and former President General Comrade Oliver Reginald Tambo and that this should serve to urge delegates to deepen unity within the organisation.


‘I call upon all of us comrades, as we go in and out of here, as we go up and down the precinct, to remember that we must unite in how we conduct ourselves as cadres of the movement. Even in the songs that we sing we must unite our movement’, Mbete said.


Mbete further called on the delegates to remember the voice of the people. ‘We have heard our people. Bakhulumile abantu. Abantu bakhuluma ngokusithanda, bakhuluma nangentukuthelo (the people have spoken. They have spoken of their love for us but they have also spoken of their irritation with us)”, Mbete said.


She asked that ‘in everything comrades do in this conference they must remember the sound of the voices of the people. Outcomes of this conference must show that we are a listening organisation, Mbete emphasized. ‘This is an organisation of Oliver Tambo who taught us how to love one another, to be humble, while being steadfast in our convictions and beliefs in the values of the organisation’.

In her remarks the National Chairperson emphasized the importance of ensuring that the ANC emerges from the conference united.

“The movement must be united to make our former leaders like Oliver Tambo and those that came before us proud. We must be disciplined throughout this conference and delegates must desist from singing divisive songs. Unity is very important for the ANC” said National Chairperson, Ms Baleka Mbete.


The ANC National Policy Conference is being attended by delegates from ANC branches from all nine provinces across the country.  The conference is taking place from 30 June to 5 July 2017.


President Jacob Zuma in his opening address further emphasized unity and appealed to delegates to discuss the issues frankly and help the ANC to dicisively address them to accelerate the people’s struggle.




SDStaff Reporter

COSATU President Sdumo Dlamini says the trade union federation is looking for policies to emerge from the ANC’s National Policy Conference that will take forward the second phase of the National Democratic Revolution: namely radical economic transformation.

President Jacob Zuma in his opening address to the NPC late Friday said the ANC had to return to its core values of unity and selflessness. Comrade Dlamini concurred with the President’s words, saying COSATU regarded the unity of the organization as paramount.

“He (President) was very firm on the unity of the Alliance and the Unity of the ANC and we really appreciate that because it will guide the delegates” says Dlamini.

“We are looking towards policies from an ANC that are uniting.”

To adequately address the triple challenge of poverty, inequality and unemployment, says Dlamini, “we have to drum up ways and means so that the policies we come up with help us decisively deal with this problem.”

On matters of organizational renewal, he said: “The ANC has got to think hard whilst we can keep the tradition, we have to say how do we go forward in keeping with modern trends.”

Comrade Dlamini posited the question: “Are we going to be the ANC that was there in 1985? I don’t think so. Time dictates we must do things differently.. including how issues of leadership are handled”

On strengthening the Alliance, he said: “the ANC is the leader of society: what should be the character of the ANC that leads the Alliance: this is going to be key.”

On what the ANC needs to do to accelerate radical economic transformation, he said the transformation of land ownership was a priority, considering that “the majority of land still resides with a few white males.” The transformation of the financial sector was also key, because “the financial sector is still controlled by a few culprits” making it impenetrable.

“We have got to drum up policies that change course in that space” he said. Within this context an examination of the role of the South African Reserve Bank (SARB) would also be critical.

The issue of workers in the country was a priority for COSATU he said, adding that the issue of the use of labour brokers was still contentious despite attempts at sectoral reform.

“The crisis in the mining sector has got to be at the center of our discussions – and what do we do with the threat of retrenchments from a number of mining companies” said Dlamini.

That the country was in the midst of a recession was actually an opportunity, Dlamini says. “It (the recession) can be turned into an opportunity to come up with means to do things better.”

Ultimately, he says, unity is paramount.

“We have no choice, unity, unity, unity..cohesion is what has got to be at the center of all that we do.”


Zweli Mkhize 2
ANC Treasurer-General Dr. Zweli Mkhize has affirmed the organization’s support for the call by students for the transformation of higher education, and for broadening access to tertiary study for indigent students in particular.

He was speaking at the annual National Conference of the South African Union of Students (SAUS) in Mpumalanga late last week.

In his keynote address, titled: “Organize and Unite the Student’s Voice for The Advancement of People’s Education for People’s Power”, Mkhize said the ANC supported government in its quest to find a lasting solution to the problem of funding for higher education.

At the same time, he lauded the current generation of students for their mobilization around the issue, saying they had “defied all the pundits and analysts who decried the level of political consciousness and activism of the current youth.”

Quoting the famous dictum by Franz Fanon: that “each generation must discover its mission, fulfil it or betray it, in relative obscurity,” the Treasurer-General noted that there would be a strong delegation of student leaders attending the upcoming National Policy Conference (NPC).

He told delegates: “We need to you to articulate these concerns you have on the model linked to the banks… leadership will be there to listen to the concerns and the proposals you wish to emphasize, including the welcome debate on the financial contribution we need the private sector to make in building the country’s human capital.”

In his keynote address the Treasurer-General located the issue of the Radical Transformation of Higher Education in South Africa within the broader terrain of struggle for the radical transformation of the country. The transformation of higher education, he said, “needs to be understood through the lenses of the overall political economy terrain of the South African development discourse.”

He said that the ANC was acutely aware of the shortcomings of the state in funding higher education, but was even more acutely aware of the difficulties faced by students in accessing higher education. He cited unexpected living expenses, high costs of accommodation, as well as book and other academic fees as contributing to shortfalls that make it difficult for full-time students to survive on financial aid provided by the likes of NSFAS.

These were all “barriers of entry to education for many students especially those from low income households and retards our program for socio-economic transformation.”

He cited the example of having on the election campaign trail met an Engineering student who was lodging in an informal dwelling in a hostel in Johannesburg. Moved by the student’s plight, he said the ANC had to assist to raise funds for his accommodation.

“Children from poor households should not be prejudiced by their poor circumstances from obtaining education. This message coming from students has been loud and clear,” Mkhize said

The Treasurer-General said the ANC looked forward to the Heher Commmission concluding its tasks and speedily tabling the findings to create the basis for a permanent and sustainable solution to the funding of higher education.

At the same time, he noted that we needed to “put into context all the matters beyond the provisions of the model that was meant to address the missing middle and families with multiple students at university” as well as the issue of well resourced parents who are capable of educating their children.

On curriculum reform, Mkhize noted that there was an urgent need for review of the university curriculum, saying it was “incomprehensible” that we still can produce unemployed or unemployable graduates in a modern economy when adequate research should be available to train our youth on the skills that the economy needs and will absorb.

He said critical questions needed to be asked on the way in which our institutions of higher learning impact on communities around them; but also on the way in which our university curricular are adequately preparing young people for the kind of jobs needed by the Fourth Industrial Revolution.

“We need an innovation fund to assist youth to experiment on new solutions and create businesses which did didn’t exist before and we need to change mind-sets to look at what ventures even institutions can participate and stimulate students to be more creative,” said Mkhize.

Addressing SAUS directly, he described them as ‘leaders of students’; and made a plea for “a culture of patience and tolerance.”

He called on the student leadership to come up with a mechanism to limit protests to peaceful marches, pickets and demonstrations – that does not involve the destruction of critical infrastructure.

“How,” he asked, “do we create a culture of dialogue and put more pressure to authorities without destroying investments made to guarantee us a better future?”


In conclusion he made a rallying call to students in the words of Anton Lembede, who said: “We need young men and women of high moral stamina and integrity, of courage and vision. In short, we need warriors. This means we have to develop a new type of youth, not the pleasure-loving, frivolous, dissolute, light-minded type, but youth of stoical discipline, trained to endure suffering and difficulties.”


The African National Congress has met with the Chamber of Mines following concerns raised by the Chamber about the revised Mining Charter announced by Mineral Resources Minister, Comrade Mosebenzi Zwane last week. The meeting attended by ANC Secretary General, Comrade Gwede Mantashe, Treasurer General Zweli Mkhize and members of the Economic Transformation Subcommittee led by Chairperson Enoch Godongwane was held at Luthuli House yesterday.

The Chamber of Mines is the mining industry employer organization representing 67 companies which are responsible for the production of 90% of South Africa’s mineral production. It defines its key role as “the facilitation of interaction among mining employers to examine policy issues and other matters of mutual concern to crystallise and define desirable industry standpoints.” The Chamber met with the ANC to voice its dissatisfaction with the “flawed process”, the content and the “continuing consequences” of the Mining Charter.

In the meeting representatives of the mining industry called on the ANC to intervene and mediate in the impasse between the industry and the Department of Mineral Resources. “We want to go back to the negotiating table with government in order to emerge with a solution that must work for both parties. Through thorough negotiation, as we had in the development of the first and second Mining Charters,  we are confident that we may come up with an outcome that responds to the urgent national imperative of transformation whilst retaining the vision of a globally competitive mining industry” said the industry.

In particular the Chamber decries what it has called a lack of consultation on the amendments in the mining charter claiming that the new Charter is “fundamentally different from the draft Charter published in April last year.” According to the Chamber, “the content proposed has very draconian measures most of which are brand new ideas which being parachuted into the new Charter after extensive discussions had already been held.”

The Chamber also laments the break down of trust between itself and the Department of Mineral Resources and has committed to participating in any type of mediated process to restore trust between the parties.

Substantive issues that the Chamber of Mines objects in the new charter include the directive to distribute 1% of turnover amongst BEE partners before any distribution to shareholders. The inclusion of naturalized citizens as beneficiaries of that Charter was likened to the act of “feeding the neighbour’s children before you are able to feed your own”, arguing that South Africa has not yet manage to empower its own citizens yet now proposes extending these minimal opportunities to naturalized citizens.

ANC Secretary General Cde Gwede Mantashe has committed to raise the issues brought forward by the Mining Chamber within the organization and with its deployees in government.

Mantashe emphasized the need to accelerate the pace of change in the mining sector, warning however of adopting a reckless approach to enforcing transformation. “We have a responsibility to mitigate between a conservative and adventurous approach to the economy. Yes there are problems and transformation in the mining industry is not happening at an acceptable pace.When there are problems populism comes to the fore and in the process destroy what is already there” says Mantashe.

The Chamber has called on the ANC to ensure policy certainty and work with the industry restore investor confidence. “Through a process of co-creation..” government and industry must “embrace imperatives of transformation on one hand within a framework that can make the industry attractive and investable”. The Chamber impressed upon the ANC to intervene calling for the “political leadership of the country to prevail upon government to suspend the application of charter and send the parties back to table for a mediated discussion. Through such negotiations we can craft an outcome where the Charter can be owned, defended and implemented by all stakeholders.”